International Mother Language Day

21 02 2015

The United Nations’ (UN) International Mother Language Day annually celebrates language diversity and variety worldwide on February 21. It also remembers events such as the killing of four students on February 21, 1952, because they campaigned to officially use their mother language, Bengali, in Bangladesh.
The expression language rights refers to the right of individuals or communities to use their native language , even in the case of a language other than the official or standard : eg.that spoken by minority groups in a wider political community . The notion of linguistic rights involves both the right to the use of the mother tongue by the individual , the use of the minority language in the school and in legal and public affairs .The attention to language rights is documented, albeit indirectly, since ancient texts that, because of the public interest (laws, decrees, instructions, etc.)aimed at the widest comprehension and diffusion. In fact, the use of writing languages currently spoken by common people so called “vulgar” instead of Latin in the Middle Ages depended on factors concerning both identity and expression as on the need to secure understanding for everybody. Examples include some of the oldest neo-Latin texts, such as the so-called Placiti Campani, formulas of the tenth century written in the vernacular and in particular the oaths of Strasbourg, through which in 842 Charles the Bald, King of the western Franks , and Louis the German, King of Bavaria, renewed their alliance. In order to interpret correctly the oath , Charles used a variety of Germanic the troops of Louis could understand, and a variety of old French understood by the troops of Charles was utilized by the other party.

In implementation of Article 6 of the italian Constitution and in harmony with the general principles established by the European and international Law , Italy protects the language and culture of the Albanian, Catalan , German , Greek , Slovenian and Croatian and the minorities speaking French , the Franco- Provençal , Friulian , Ladin , Occitan and Sardinian.